Challenges: Discrimination and sexual harassment in the workplace based on gender abounds. Promoting gender equality in the workplace becomes necessary for women to obtain their rights, maternity protection and their health needs, dignity at the workplace, and for their voice to be heard. YCP’s commitment to reducing poverty and empowering women and girls consistently places this as central to all its work, and continuously work on developing innovative empowerment approaches for women and girls that could transform their lives.
Program Overview: WDHL focuses on improving dignity and well-being of female factory workers, particularly on health outcomes at their working environments, and in the communities where the workers live. We provide training and knowledge enhancement on health-related matters, financial literacy and leadership skills to around 990 female garment workers, through facilitating the formation of EKATA (Empowerment, Knowledge, And Transformative) Action group as their platform to voice their concerns and pursue their well-being and dignity.
Impacts we Make: Female workers are empowered in understanding their rights in their working environment, to voice out their concerns, actively participate in discussions, and enhance their leadership skills. Female workers have also experienced an improvement in health and well-being both at work and their homes. To date, there are 24 EKATA groups formed in Sukabumi and 23 EKATA groups in Purwakarta, which actively discuss the daily challenges they face, identify the solutions to the problems, and transform it into action.
Sukabumi and Purwakarta Regency, West Java
Challenges: Labours in Indonesia still face major challenges. Lack of protection of worker’s rights, forced and bonded labour, gender inequality in the workplace, lack of job security for contract workers, as well as persistent poverty and lack of social security experienced by workers. Moreover, women are often found in workplaces where freedom of association is far from guaranteed. Here, trade unions have a crucial role in promoting decent work for all.
Program Overview: Through training and assistance in data analysis, evidence-based negotiation process, as well as gender mainstreaming in unions, Towards Fairness Together (BUKA) program attempts to bring workers and their labour unions to a better bargaining position, through a more informed negotiation process. We also provide capacity building activities on leadership for women and database management trainings on open and publicly available data.
Impacts we Make: Workers are able to negotiate better work place conditions environment, fulfil their rights and professional opportunities through a more gender-responsive Collective Bargaining Agreement (CBA). The program reached 60.373 beneficiaries of both women and men factory workers (72% women and 28% men) in 11 factories in Sukabumi and 10 factories in Greater Bandung.
Sukabumi, Cimahi, Bandung City and Bandung Regency, West Java
Challenges: For many years, tea and coffee have been the dominant cash crops in Indonesia. While women perform most of the fieldwork, men have been the primary beneficiaries. Local biases and social-cultural norms bind women to subservient roles in the supply chain. Structural barriers restrict women’s access to productive resources and exclude them from financial and other decision-making at household and community levels. Moreover, women who have access to household finances are often not equipped with the skills needed to manage the household budget.
Program Overview: Her Empowerment Our Pride Forever (HOPE) Program provides the knowledge, skills, confidence and tools to build their economic capacity, leadership ability, and empowerment needed for female tea pickers. We work to provide them with financial literacy, as well as increase their awareness on gender equality and their rights to participate and make decisions related to their health and well-being.
Impacts we Make: We break gender barriers in communities as 1750 woman and girls who are directly involved with the program are able to optimize their household income, strengthen their confidence and leadership skills, and build healthy homes. These female tea pickers are more able to voice out their opinions and participate in decision-making situations, and improve the sustainable management of clean water and sanitation for the communities.
Sukaluyu village, Pangalengan, Bandung Regency, West Java.
Challenges: Girls and young women face multiple challenges in poor communities in Bandung District, particularly if they do not have educational qualifications. They are more likely to take on underpaid or unpaid informal work and are vulnerable to poor treatment, sexual harassment and gender-based violence in general. They are also more likely to suffer poor health due to the low nutritional value of much of the food that they can afford. Those who drop out tend to be from poor families who cannot afford the cost of transport to and from school, or who need their children to work to make a living that will support younger siblings.
Program Overview: Personal Advancement and Career Enhancement (P.A.C.E.) program deliver personal development modules to Junior High school students, focusing on female students to have more confidence and will be better equipped to both communicate and make strong decisions with their families about their schooling and their futures. Phase I of P.A.C.E. program successfully involved 2.565 girls, 50 teachers in 15 schools across 4 sub-districts, and Phase II involved 3,188 girls, 132 boys and 74 teachers as facilitators, implemented in 27 schools in 10 sub-districts in Bandung Regency.
Impacts we Make: The girls involved with the program are empowered as their self-esteem and confidence increased. They developed better personal skills, including problem-solving skills, communications and leadership capabilities and the ability to better care themselves. We believe that the P.A.C.E. program is a significant building block to increase the numbers of confident and resilient women in Indonesia to have develop their potentials and have a better future.
The P.A.C.E. program was also adapted and expanded by the local government under the Education Agency, integrated into ‘Education for better life’ program to reduce the number of child marriage cases, increase access to education for girls and stop violence against women and children.
Baleendah, Dayeuhkolot, Banjaran, Pameungpeuk, Soreang, Ciwidey, Katapang, Margahayu, Pasirjambu dan Margaasih district, Bandung Regency, West Java.
Challenges: Indonesia has the fifth-highest number of stunted children in the world, with more than one out of every three children is stunted. Despite the lower number of poverties in Indonesia, malnutrition has not been significantly reduced. The high rate of stunting and malnutrition is driven by limited access to improved water sources and sanitation facilities, poor hygiene resulting in bacterial infection, and lack of awareness of healthy eating habits which leads to low nutrition intake amongst children. Moreover, girls are most affected by the lack of sanitation facilities, risking in harassment and shaming if they are unable to use private facilities.
Program Overview: Promoting a Sustainable and Food Secure World (PROSPER) program invests in the next generation through interventions that strengthen their health. We provide training to elementary students as Little Doctors to become cadres in their schools to educate their peers on healthy and hygienic practices. The program also works to increase capacities of government and NGOs to support schools with the construction and rehabilitation of water and sanitation facilities. The second phase of PROSPER also includes additional activities focusing in gender trainings as well as economic empowerment for female food sellers in schools.
Impacts we Make: The program increases food and nutrition security and reduces diarrhea and infectious diseases among elementary school students, teachers, parents and communities. A total of 75.422 both direct and indirect beneficiaries reached through PROSPER I, and a total of 14.251 more people through PROSPER II reached to increase access to clean water and sanitation, improve hygiene practices and increase healthy eating habits among students, teachers and communities, with a more gender-sensitive management of sanitation in the communities.
Serang Regency, Banten; Makassar City, and Bone, Regency South Sulawesi
On 28 September 2018, Central Sulawesi was hit by an earthquake with a magnitude of 7.4 SR which triggered a tsunami and causing liquefaction and landslides in Palu City, and areas in Donggala, Parigi Moutong, and Sigi districts. An estimated 53,182 household or 172,635 people were displaced across Central Sulawesi and sheltered in over 400 sites across Palu, Sigi, Donggala and Parigi Moutong districts. YCP’s emergency response and recovery initiatives focus on meeting the immediate long-term needs of disaster-affected people in the key sectors: Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH); Shelter, Cash Assistance; Livelihood and Food security.
Following YCP’s emergency response activities in the area, support to rehabilitation and reconstruction of WASH facilities in schools, public facilities and communal areas continued into the recovery phase. YCP started its recovery support programmes towards the end of 2019 in Sigi and Donggala, focusing on supporting communities’ livelihoods in coastal and hinterland areas. Funding from SHO assisted affected communities to strengthen their resilience to future risks by giving them alternative livelihoods. The DEC program focuses on access to safe water and improving sanitation facilities for better health. Program from ADH gives opportunities for women and youths to recover their livelihoods, improve communities’ food security, and disaster risk reduction. Funding from MOFALUX restores communities’ livelihoods in four essential sectors in the area; Small-Medium Enterprises, agriculture, livestock and fisheries.
WASH, Risk Communication and Protective Kits Provision
The initial phase of the response focused on protective and preventive measures in areas where we are currently operating. The response included provision of risk communication materials, hand-washing facilities, protective kits such as PPE and masks, hand soaps and sanitizers. We also provided assistance to COVID-19 Task Forces with provision of protective kits and high-protein food for health workers, facilitated the set-up of community-based isolation facilities and training of the health workers.
Locations: Jakarta, Serang, Bandung, Sukabumi, Purwakarta, Bone, Kupang city, Kupang, Timor Tengah Selatan, Palu, Sigi and Dongggala.
Ensuring Food Security
Reduced or loss of income due to the economic impact of COVID-19 severely impact vulnerable communities, particularly pregnant and lactating women, children and elderlies. To mitigate exacerbated consequences of food insecurity, YCP provided assistance to these vulnerable groups in several forms.
In Sigi (Central Sulawesi), we provided food vouchers to IDPs from the 2018 earthquake who are still living in temporary shelters. We also provided them with means for quick-yielding food sources, such as eco-farming that combined growing vegetables (aquaponics) and fresh water fish farming.
To mitigate nutrition deficiencies for women, children and elderlies in Serang and Bone, we launched a voucher cash assistance to provide nutritious food that they can purchase in assigned stores and markets. YCP works with a local FinTech firm to ensure efficient and accountable distribution of the assistance.
Cash for Work and Alternative Livelihood
COVID-19’s economic impact had severely impacted people’s employment and livelihood, both in the formal and informal sector, causing reduced and loss of income for many of Indonesia’s poor families. YCP addressed their hardships through several approaches.
In NTT, we provided assistance for village communities through cash-for-work schemes that focused on building of village infrastructures and community facilities. Meanwhile, in Sukabumi and Purwakarta we provided in-kind and cash capital for laid-off female garment workers and women in the communities to produce and sell re-usable masks to be distributed to the local District Health Office and public.
Recognizing the challenges to find viable employment during the pandemic, we assisted women and youth in Central Sulawesi who just recovered from the earthquake in 2018 with livelihood opportunities, including connecting them to expanded markets and enhancing their entrepreneurship skills.
Challenges: Indonesia is one of the world’s most disaster-prone countries. Worsen by climate change, the rising intensity of disasters such as droughts and floods pose various risks to people, especially to those who are most vulnerable living under poverty. From declining water supplies to reduced agricultural yields, such impacts continue to threaten food security and the livelihood of community members.
Program Overview: Partners for Resilience (PfR) Indonesia aims to reduce the impact of natural hazards and climate change impacts on the livelihoods of community members. The program works on the local, district, provincial, national and international level with a particular focus on working with communities at the village level in disaster risk management. The first phase of PfR Indonesia works with communities to help identify risk mitigation strategies to adapt to and mitigate the adverse impact of climate change on their lives and livelihoods. Building on the lessons learned and best practices of the first phase, second phase of PfR is now focusing on building community’s capacity to integrate risk mitigation strategies in the local development plan and budget. This community-based activity is complemented with support and advocacy to the local government to allocate budget to support mitigation activities.
Impacts we Make: The program has reached 2.843 direct beneficiaries and 1.320.074 indirect beneficiaries in total to be resilient from climate change impacts. It managed to enhance their capacity to adapt and reduce the risks of disasters to their livelihoods. Through advocacy and support, the local government had also prepared policies that are gender-sensitive and IRM (Integrated Risk Management) friendly to support community members in managing risks.
Program Location: Kupang City, Kupang Regency, and South-Central Timor, East Nusa Tenggara.
Challenges: Indonesia’s rapid urbanization opens doors for a variety of benefits. However, urban development also bears certain risks, including growing exposure of assets and people to disaster risk. As one of the most disaster-prone countries in the world, it is estimated that some 110 million people, approximately 42 per cent of the population, across approximately 60 Indonesian cities are exposed to natural hazards. Cast in this light, raising awareness to reduce the vulnerability of affected communities becomes necessary.
Program Overview: The Supporting Disaster Preparedness of Government and Communities (SinerGi) program runs as a consortium approach, implemented in DKI Jakarta. SinerGi focuses on a series of training have been successfully conducted to improve awareness, knowledge, and skills of communities, with a strong focus on women. The program aims to empower women, increase women’s capacity as agents of change in managing risks. The program also strengthens institutional resilience through enhancing community groups and local governments capacity in disaster risk management.
Impacts we Make: The program managed to improve community resilience by managing risks and impact caused by disasters. The implementation of SinerGi strengthens Disaster Risk Management capacity of the community, civil society and private sector to protect women children and People with Disabilities. It has also enhanced disaster risk management policy for effective preparedness, response and recovery, and has successfully reached 6.717 people that are impacted the most with climate change impacts, including heavy floods, earthquakes and other disasters. The project has given simulation of emergency response to COVID 19 to form community-based emergency preparedness task force.
Kapuk, Rawa Buaya, and Cengkareng, West Java.